Azerbaijan is now the country with the highest number of internally displaced persons or refugees per capita – Azerbaijan Intelligence
Azerbaijan, with a population of nearly 10 million, is the country with the highest number of internally displaced persons and refugees per capita, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said at the 40th session of the UN Human Rights Council. Azerbaijan.
The Minister stressed that, unfortunately, the ongoing armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan still poses a major threat to international and regional peace and security, human rights and development.
“Today Azerbaijan marks the 27th anniversary of one of the brutal pages of this conflict – the Khojaly genocide committed by Armenia, as a result of which 613 residents of this small town in the Nagorno-Karabakh region in Azerbaijan, of which 106 women, 63 children and 70 elderly were murdered by the Armenian army in 1992, ”the minister said.
“As a result of the armed aggression of neighboring Armenia, 20% of Azerbaijani territory has been under occupation since 1992. More than one million Azerbaijanis, subjected to ethnic cleansing, remain forcibly displaced from their lands natives, which in per capita terms makes it one of the largest numbers of internally displaced people and refugees in the world with a country of 10 million people. Armenia continues to occupy Azerbaijani territories ignoring UN Security Council Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 and related documents of many other international organizations, which firmly reaffirm Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and demand the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of the Armenian armed forces from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
“In this context, I urge the United Nations Human Rights Council, its mandate holders and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to adopt a principled position and effective actions for the administration of justice and restoration of human rights of displaced persons and Azerbaijani refugees, violated or more than two decades.
“Azerbaijan believes in the importance of multilateral institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights in the world. Therefore, Azerbaijan attaches importance to the United Nations Human Rights Council responsible for promoting and protecting all human rights through cooperation and genuine dialogue, ”he said. Mammadyarov said.
“At a time when human rights challenges, in particular the forced displacement of millions of people and forms of racial and other discrimination, are increasing around the world, the role of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights is on the rise. human rights, whose primary responsibility is to promote and protect all human rights have become even more crucial, ”he added.
The Minister noted that while being an observer to the Council, Azerbaijan actively contributes to its work.
“At the 37th session of the Council, Azerbaijan, along with Georgia, Kenya, Thailand and Turkey, presented a draft resolution co-sponsored by 92 states on promoting human rights and the SDGs through transparent, accountable and efficient public service delivery, which was unanimously adopted by the Council. This year, Azerbaijan, in cooperation with OHCHR, will host an international follow-up conference, during which countries with effective models of public services can share their best practices with other member states, as encouraged by the aforementioned resolution, ”Mammadyarov said.
He noted that the Azerbaijani government continues to conduct large-scale programs to ensure that Azerbaijani citizens fully enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
“In this regard, I would like to highlight the recently adopted State program for the development of justice in 2019-2023, which aims at new legislative and structural measures to improve the performance of justice,” said the Minister.
“Let me stress that Azerbaijan is firmly committed to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which encompasses all human rights, including economic, civil, cultural, political rights , social and the right to development. Azerbaijan will submit its second voluntary national report on the implementation of the SDGs later this year, ”he added.
Mammadyarov recalled that in October 2019, Azerbaijan will host the 18th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement, where Azerbaijan will assume the presidency of the Movement.
“We are confident that the presidency of Azerbaijan will give new impetus to advance the founding principles of the Movement, whose 65th anniversary will be celebrated in 2020, through many United Nations platforms, including the Human Rights Council. ‘man. I take this opportunity to reaffirm my country’s commitment to the efforts of the Non-Aligned Movement, ”he said.
The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war in 1992, the Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven surrounding districts.
During the Karabakh war, on February 25 and 26, 1992, the Armenian armed forces, as well as the 366th Infantry Regiment of Soviet troops, stationed in Khankendi, committed an act of genocide against the population of the Azerbaijani city of Khojaly. No less than 613 people, including 63 children, 106 women and 70 elderly people were killed in the massacre. Eight families were completely wiped out, 130 children lost a parent and 25 children lost both. Some 1,275 innocent residents have been taken hostage, while the fate of 150 people remains unknown.
The 1994 ceasefire agreement was followed by peace negotiations. Armenia has yet to implement four UN Security Council resolutions on the withdrawal of its armed forces from Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding districts.